Pedagogìčnij časopis Volinì https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas У журналі «Педагогічний часопис Волині» висвітлюються актуальні питання із галузі знань «освіта» (науки про освіту – дошкільна, початкова, середня та професійна (за спеціалізацією), спеціальна освіта, фізична культура і спорт). Видання індексується Google Scholar. Засновник і видавець– Східноєвропейський національний університет імені Лесі Українки (430 en-US Pedagogìčnij časopis Volinì 2415-8143 Mоdern choreographic education: british and ukrainian experience https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/480 <p>The article substantiates the expediency of a holistic analysis of the problem of professional training of choreographers in the British experience and the need to extrapolate it to the plane of the national system of higher choreographic education. The purpose of the study is to identify the organizational and didactic foundations of choreographic education in the British experience and substantiate innovative ideas for its use in Ukraine. The article defines the criteria of comparison (regulatory, organizational, semantic, methodological and technological), comparative and pedagogical analysis of choreographers’ professional training in the British and Ukrainian experience, and also common and different trends. The article uses research methods: theoretical: analysis, synthesis and generalization of pedagogical literature; interpretation and comparison; scientific extrapolation; empirical: study of the British experience, observation, conversations with students and teachers in Great Britain and Ukraine. Result. Based on comparative and pedagogical analysis of professional training of choreographers in the British and Ukrainian experience revealed familiar and different trends. The criteria of comparison are determined: normative-legal, organizational, semantic, methodical and technological. Common approaches to choreographers’training are justified. On the generalization of the identified features the specific recommendations for the use of progressive ideas abroad in the Ukrainian system of choreographic education are substantiated.</p> Natalya Bidyuk Dmytro Bidyuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 7 14 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-7-14 The state of musical education of schoolchildren in Poland in the post-war period (40-60 years of the XX century) https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/481 <p>Relevance of research. The nearest Ukraine in terms of geographical location, culture, centuries-old historical ties and Slavic mentality is Poland. For the history of pedagogy in particular, the system of music education of schoolchildren is interesting to explore and analyze the difficult time of reconstruction of school education in Poland after the Second Word War, which killed 17% of the population. The purpose of the study is to analyze form and content of music education of Polish schoolchildren in the postwar (40-60 years of the 20th century). Research methods. Analysis and synthesis of Polish scientific and pedagogical literature on music education of schoolchildren, regulations, school curricula and program, materials of scientific and practical conferences empirical and independent data. Research results. After the end of the Second World War and the liberation of Poland from German occupation, the reconstruction of the virtually completely destroyed school system and the creation of new education system based on different ideological, political and economic principles before the pre-war period began. The restructuring of the school education system involved, firs of all, the definition of the new educational goal, which was set before the school. It was based on the idea of harmonious development of personality. A significant role in this process was given to the musical education of schoolchildren. The subject of “Singing” was introduced into the curricula of primary schools (grades 1-7), which had two hours in grades 1-5 and one hour in grades 6-7, as well as two hours for school choir classes pre week. A significant role in the development of the system of music education of foreign teachers-musicologists: E.Jagues-Dalcroze, Z. Kodály, James L. Mursell, C. Orff and others. They adapted to the conditions and Polish educational traditions. In the 1962, the name of the subject “Singing” was changed to “Music Education”, which was in line with pedagogical functions.<br>Conclusions. In the postwar (40-60's) the modernization of the system of music education of schoolchildren was carried out. The organization content and forms of music education in secondary schools were based on the concepts of well-known in Europe scientists, teachers, musicologists, composers [É.Jagues. Dalkroze, Z. Kodály, J. Mursell, C. Orff], who adapted in accordance with the conditions and national Polish educational traditions. The musical education of the younger generation was greatly influenced by ideological and sociopolitical factors that determined the functioning of the socialist society of the Polish People's Republic.</p> Anastasia Vilchkovska Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 14 21 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-14-21 Modern choreological concepts of the origin of the dance «hopak» https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/482 <p>The purpose of the article is to review the art-based approaches to the study of the historical origins and features of the Hopak dance and to analyze the semantics of its plastic symbols. The methodology. The application of the analytical principle in the study of art, philosophical, cultural approaches to delineated topics, as well as historical - in the examination of the genesis and development of Ukrainian choreographic art, made it possible to conduct a scientifically objective study. The scientific novelty of the work is that for the first time a comprehensive art study of the historical origins of the Hopak dance and the semantics of its autochthonous plastic forms were conducted. Examples of the interpretation of the name of the dance, recorded in explanatory, terminological, etymological dictionaries, are given. The paper reviews the controversy of the given subject, when considering which the author provides own point of view within the context of a number of statements made by Serhii Nalyvaiko, a studier of Indo-Slavo-Ukrainian mythology and history. Conclusions. The conducted analysis of scientific literature on the investigated subject revealed the absence of theoretical developments on the problems of semantics of choreographic plastics, compositional constructions and images of Ukrainian folk dance «Hopak». Outside the field of attention of researchers are historical and cultural foundations of the development of Ukrainian folk dance in the sense of its figurative and symbolic content. The work emphasizes: Hopak, being a symbolic code of archaic culture, adequately understood by all members of society, was later transformed into a kind of informational «ethnic code» of the nation, enabling the reconstruction of lost and forgotten folk traditions.</p> Karyna Kinder Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 21 26 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-21-26 “A song without words” op. 9 no. 3 by Yakiv Stepovyi: features of intonation development and interpretation https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/504 <p>Purpose of Article. The purpose of the work is to reveal the intonation and interpretive features of “Songs Without Words” op. 9 No. 3 by Yakiv Stepovyi. Methodology. The methodology of the research is based on the complex application operations of genre, stylistic, intonation and interpretive analysis. Scientific Novelty. The scientific novelty of the research is to determine the genre-style genesis of the little-known the composition, but indicative for the composerʼs style. Author describes his characteristic intonation features and properties. He pays attention to the performing technique. Conclusions. The author of the study proved that “A Song Without Words” op. 9 No. 3 by Yakiv Stepovyi continues the traditions of F. Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, M. Lysenko, A. Lyadov, O. Scriabin, F. Chopin. This piece is full of Ukrainian song and romance intonations. It contains allusions to the works of F. List and F. Chopin. Author introduces the intonations of lira music, folk group singing, baroque music. The composer revealed these properties of the artistic image with the help of gamma, figuration and chord technique of pianism.</p> Tetіana Kryvytska Svitlana Panasyuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 26 32 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-26-32 The relevance ideas of V. O. Sukhomlynskyi for the implementation the pedagogy of the partnership in the concept of the New Ukrainian School https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/484 <p>Topicality of the research topic. An important guideline in the development of the Ukrainian school is the provisions of the Concept of the New Ukrainian School. The state of education and identifies the main tasks for reforming its substantive and structural components were analyzed in this document. Humanization and child centrism are important priorities according to this Concept. It is possible to realize it in the conditions of cooperation of all participants in the educational process on the basis of the pedagogy of the partnership. The essential characteristics of pedagogy built on the principles of partnership have been disclosed in the pedagogical heritage of V. O. Sukhomlynskyi.<br>The aim of the article is the theoretical justification and disclosure of practical experience in the implementation of partnership pedagogy in the pedagogical heritage of V. O. Sukhomlynskyi.<br>The research methods were: theoretical analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, systematization of the facts and other informative material.<br>The results of the study. Based on the results of a scientific search, the relevance and essential components of the pedagogy of the partnership have been determined. The directions and forms of implementing the pedagogy of the partnership in the theory and practical activities of the famous Ukrainian teacher Vasyl Sukhomlynskyi have been analyzed and determined.</p> Igor Ostapiovskyi Tatiana Ostapiovska Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 32 37 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-32-37 The concept of competence in the musical training of afuture teacher https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/485 <p>The article examines the concept of competence, identifies the features of the formation of professional competence of a music teacher.<br>The purpose of our article is to outline the concept of “competence” in the pedagogical activity and musical training of future specialists.<br>Research methods. The following research methods were used in the study of this concept: analysis and synthesis of scientific, psychological, pedagogical and methodological literature, generalization and systematization of the material.</p> Vlаdyslav Rokosh Kateryna Piavka Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 38 42 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-38-42 Development of creative potential of future masters of musical arts in extracurricular activities of higher education institution https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/486 <p>Abstract. The article analyzes the theoretical foundations of a young person's creative development, which is impossible to imagine outside the history of the people or nation to which he belongs, because a person enters society as a representative of a nation through education, upbringing, acquaintance with art and more.<br>It is noted that an effective means of pedagogical influence on the individual, an important factor that provides a young person not only the assimilation of national and world cultural heritage, but also the conditions for full self-realization and comprehensive self-expression, should be both art in general and artistic activity in particular. .<br>Significant potential in the creative development of future masters of music has fiction, the work of writers of the native land. For example, when organizing and conducting cultural events in higher education institutions aimed at the creative development of the student's personality (evenings, debates, quizzes, etc.), you can use materials from the life and work of famous Ukrainian writers, poets, playwrights, directors , musicians.<br>The development of students' creative potential will be successful if not only the latest technologies of such activities, modern pedagogical achievements, but also the best traditions of the Ukrainian style of youth, its creative development, namely: nationally oriented direction of the young person's entry into society, including her creative development; its spiritual, religious nature; humanistic, personality-oriented orientation of education and upbringing, but, at the same time, collectivism as a powerful means of educational influence, because Ukrainians have long been characterized by a combination of a sense of individualism with belonging to a large community.<br>That is why, given the research topic, the purpose of our work was to analyze the development of creative potential of future masters of music in the extracurricular activities of higher education. In view of this, a special role in training not only a highly professional worker, but also a creative person who is able to respond quickly and productively to the realities of life, belongs to extracurricular activities in higher education.</p> Nataliia Annenkova Tetiana Potapchuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 43 48 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-43-48 Game as a means of shaping childrens readiness for school https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/488 <p>The purpose of the study. UNESCO, in its four-dimensional model of education, proposed a framework for determining the basic life skills of a modern student. That is, in modern psychological and pedagogical science, when preparing future first-graders for training at NUSH, there was a shift in emphasis on teaching senior preschoolers certain knowledge, skills and skills to form their life competencies. Such changes have become possible with the reforms taking place in the education system. The main means for the formation of key competencies in future first-graders in preschool childhood can be only the game - the leading activity of preschoolers at this stage of development. The game contributes to the formation of the child's personality, the development of his cognitive activity, independence and self-regulation. The purpose of the article is a theoretical analysis of the use of the possibilities of games to form the readiness of a senior preschool to study in a new Ukrainian school.<br>Research methods. In the process of work we used the following research methods: theoretical: analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, modeling; empirical: observations, comparisons.<br>Result. The main indicator of readiness for schooling is the desire and ability of the child to study, to own components of educational activities. All this ensures school achievement. The game provides children with the development of those qualities that allow them to make changes to game plans at will, independently enter into interaction with peers, realize their strengths and opportunities, showing independence, activity and self-regulation. These characteristics play not only an invaluable role in shaping the personality of the future student, but also contribute to the formation of elements of educational activity.</p> Volodymyr Antoniuk Nadiia Alendar Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 49 55 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-49-55 Elements of distance learning in the studying process of course "Educational work method" https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/489 <p>In article analyzed a specifics of forming pedagogical competence in students. The aim of the article is to characterize the use of the elements of distance learning in the course of studying "Educational work methods" by future teachers. The study used methods of analysis, synthesis, generalization, systematization, conclusions, analysis of experience.<br>In the course of scientific search distance learning is considered as a form of organization of educational process through the Internet, which is implemented extraterritorially, synchronously or asynchronously, in a clearly defined period of time or according to the educational needs and wishes of students and aimed at the formation of future specialists in general and professional competencies. The elements of remote execution by students of practical tasks in pedagogy (educational work method) with the use of e-mail, web-forum, mailing lists, webinars, chats, social networks, multimedia, IP-telephony are offered. Result. Practical problems in pedagogy are aimed at mastering students the competencies of organizing, conducting and monitoring educational work with students in the institution of general secondary education. In order to form the applied skills of the method of educational work, the future teachers were offered creative tasks: to draw up a scheme-collage of interactive forms of educational work with students; to prepare multimedia presentations of the essence, structure and requirements for organizing and conducting one of the interactive forms of educational work: action, quest, flash mob, booking, forum theater, talk show, foot quest, etc. Participation in professional webinars, selection and analysis of pedagogical tasks will contribute to the formation, generalization and systematization of skills and methods in the organization of educational work. To diagnose the levels of formation of students of competencies in the organization of educational work with students test tasks are used.</p> Bartkiv Oksana Evheniyа Durmanenko Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 56 61 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-56-61 Іmplementation of innovative teaching technologies in the educational process of training of future geography teachers https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/491 <p>Aim of the research: substantiation of features of introduction of innovative teaching technologies in the educational process of training of future geography teachers. Research methods. To achieve this goal, the following methods were used: theoretical, which made it possible to find out the state of the research problem; methodological, on the basis of synthesis, analysis, systematization and generalization of the studied sources for realization of introduction of innovative teaching technologies into educational process of training of future geography teachers. Results. The article is considered with the necessity of introducing innovative teaching technologies in the educational process of training future geography teachers on the example of teaching the discipline "Concepts of modern nature science". There were defined conditions under which effective introduction of innovative learning technologies into the educational process is possible. The prerequisites and criteria of the teacher's readiness for innovative activity are distinguished. The types of innovative technologies and possibilities of their application in the educational process of training of future geography teachers are analyzed, practical tasks for realization of specific innovative technologies of teaching are offered. The research concluded that the introduction of innovative learning technologies involves updating the content and forms of learning, connection theory with practice, combining traditional methods of learning with innovative, which will prepare competent and creative professionals who can actively act in accordance with requirements of the social and professional environment. Innovations in the system of training graduates of pedagogical specialties include not only the introduction of modern innovative technologies of teaching in the educational process of pedagogical universities, but also taking into account changes in the system of general secondary education.</p> Oksana Voitovych Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 61 67 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-61-67 Current approaches to teaching mathematics in a New ukrainian school https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/492 <p>Relevance of the research topic. The current state of development of the educational environment requires the improvement of professional training of pedagogical personnel, including mathematical competence. The article describes the content and main features of the Concept of the New Ukrainian School; the importance of integrated cross-cutting lines, which are aimed at the formation of key competences in education, are addressed; the recommendations on adaptation of modern mathematical education in accordance with the requirements of the «New Ukrainian School». Therefore, the purpose of the article is to focus on the main features of the conceptual foundations of reforming secondary education "New Ukrainian School". To develop the ability of students to apply their acquired knowledge in mathematics in practice; emphasize the priority of the competence approach in training.<br>Research methods: analysis, synthesis, generalization. Result. The importance of forming important competences in mathematics classes, as well as the skills and skills that students will need in practical activity, is emphasized.</p> Natalia Narykhniuk Maria Boychuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 67 74 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-67-74 Children's folklore as a means of formation of communicative competence in young children of school age https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/493 <p>Today, the issues of creativity, the disclosure of the creative beginning of each child as a real subject of life, are gaining a new sound. Society today desperately needs people who think creatively, are able to create culture, live р р, develop р. Therefore, the formation of an educated, creative personality р one of the priority tasks of education reform р Ukraine.<br>Under the conditions of the national revival of the spirituality and culture of the Ukrainian people, oral folk art can р an effective means of forming communicative competence. Therefore, younger students should р offered the best examples of folklore. After all, they are close to the children’s world.<br>The ред of oral folk art during the educational process with children has its own methodology and sequence, which takes into account the specifics and features of the child’s age, compliance with which will contribute to the development of speech р general and the formation of speech and communicative competence.<br>Also, one of the important, effective ways to develop verbal creativity р junior high school has always been a folk tale, as one of the varieties of folklore. After all, р р a fairy tale that best activates children’s imagination and creative thinking, serves as a model of literary language and a means of developing coherent speech, a source of images and plots. Listening to fairy tales allows you to expand, enrich your vocabulary, lay a solid foundation for coherent speech and communicative competence. After all, fairy tales, as a rule, include repetitions, repeated listening to which helps to memorize words and individual expressions and, consequently, replenish the passive vocabulary.The teacher needs to create appropriate conditions for the full speech development of students. After all, by systematically using various genres of oral folk art р the educational process, significant results can р achieved. Oral folk art provides an example of literary correct, pure language, significantly enriches the passive and active vocabulary, forms knowledge about the environment, as a result р the basis for the formation of both language and speech competence of primary school children.</p> Tetiana Potapchuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 75 80 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-75-80 Method of conducting video lectures and online broadcasting in the system of preparation of bachelors from cyber security in the conditions of educational digits https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/494 <p>The article presents the method of conducting video lectures and online broadcasts in the system of training bachelors in cybersecurity in an educational and digital environment. It is determined that professional training of personnel in various industries in the modern world is an extremely important task of the state. Its solution becomes significant depending on how close these or those specialists are to the sphere of society. The meaning of the concept of "training" is defined, which is defined as a set of special knowledge, skills, qualities, work experience and norms of behavior that provide the opportunity to work successfully in a particular profession; as a process of communicating relevant knowledge and skills. " It is specified that the educational and digital environment can be understood as a set of organizational and pedagogical conditions for learning that contribute to the motivation of higher education students to self-development, self-education and is a key component of professional development of future professionals through information resources and services. It is emphasized that video lecture is the main form of conducting educational classes in the educational-digital environment, intended for mastering theoretical material. Each individual lecture is a component of the course of lectures in the educational and digital environment of the course discipline. Let's outline the general requirements for video lectures for bachelors in cybersecurity in the educational and digital environment. It has been determined that online broadcasting is a convenient way to communicate with bachelors in cybersecurity in real time in an educational and digital environment. At the expense of such broadcast it is possible to arrange for them game streams, to hold online seminars or to answer questions. The presented method of conducting video lectures and online broadcasts for the training of bachelors in cybersecurity is characterized by mandatory professional training for bachelors to obtain the qualification of information security specialist in information and communication systems and provides practice to provide training conditions in the real environment of future professional activities. Prospects for further research are the development of technology for the introduction of video lectures and online broadcasts in the system of training bachelors in cybersecurity and verification of the results.</p> Oleksiy Samoуlenko Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 80 84 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-80-84 Humanitarian student’s research work in the pedagogical institution of higher education https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/495 <p>Relevance of the research topic. The transformations of the third millennium, both in the life of the world community and in Ukraine, necessitated the solution of new problems. This intensified the development of scientific work aimed at ensuring the economic growth of the country, environmental and social protection of different segments of the population. The changes did not bypass the higher education system, which led to the emergence and development of new approaches in clarifying the specifics of students' research work during their studies in the university. Scientific and technological progress has contributed to the growing importance of training young, promising scientific staff. Against this background, the educational process of preparing a future teacher - as the fairway of social development - must also include a research component. Purpose and methods of research. The purpose of the article is to prove the importance of social science research work of students of pedagogical institutions of higher education, to outline examples of such activities in Lutsk Pedagogical College. Research methods: studing of educational, methodological and scientific literature on the problem; analysis of reports on work with gifted students of teachers of the Department of Social Disciplines of Lutsk Pedagogical College; observation of the nature and thematic orientation of scientific achievements of members of the student scientific society. Performance and key findings. The value of the research element in the educational process of pedagogical university is revealed in the article. It is found that qualitative training of specialists should be carried out in the context of the implementation of programs that cover the humanities, fundamental and specialty links, and also necessarily implement the research component. It is stated that one of the research centers for students of Lutsk Pedagogical College is a scientific society engaged in the development of humanitarian character. It has been observed that in the last years the directions of search work of the educational recipients - members of the society - are reduced to the following: past and present of an ancestry; the heroics of the participants of the Dignity Revolution, the anti-terrorist operation and the operation of the Joint Forces in Eastern Ukraine; saving local monuments; gender equality; global problems of society.</p> Alona Faryna Yuliia Lutsiuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 85 91 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-85-91 Distance learning in primary school: opportunities and specifics of implementation https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/496 <p>The problem of introducing distance learning in primary school is actualized by the development of social networks and Internet technologies, which open unlimited horizons for their application in educational activities. In addition, the&nbsp;introduction of quarantine in Ukraine requires primary school teachers to find ways to effectively master the program material. Among such ways is distance learning.<br>The purpose of the study is to substantiate the specifics and possibilities of organizing the educational process in primary school with the use of distance learning. In the process of scientific research methods of analysis, synthesis, generalization and systematization were used.<br>Distance learning in primary school is defined as a form of organization and implementation of the educational process, in which the subjects of learning (teachers and students) in the online mode carry out educational interaction in principle and mainly extraterritorially. In the context of reforming modern Ukrainian education, a number of e-platforms have been created for the organization of distance learning for primary school students. An effective commercial platform for distance learning is the service "My Class", which contains online courses from 1st to 11th grade, which contain lessons that integrate theoretical (test presentation of content) and practical (individual tasks that can be solved independently of each other, a block of tasks that need to be solved sequentially, guidelines) blocks.<br>Result. Emphasis is placed on the requirements to be met by a primary school teacher when organizing distance learning in primary school during the quarantine period and it is suggested to advise parents who will work remotely with junior students in the initial stages of distance learning, gradually transferring activity to children.</p> Oksana Yastrub Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 91 98 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-91-98 Correction of motor disorders of children with hearing disabilities by means of adaptive physical education https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/505 <p>Процеси гуманізації суспільного життя, які відбуваються на сучасному етапі розвитку нашої держави, потребують невідкладного розв’язання благородного завдання – віднайти шляхи підвищення «цінності життя», збільшити ефективність засобів соціальної адаптації, реабілітації осіб з обмеженими можливостями, забезпечити їхню активну участь у житті на рівні зі здоровими людьми.<br>Мета дослідження. Актуалізувати роль засобів адаптивного фізичного виховання в системі корекції рухових порушень дітей з вадами слуху. Методи дослідження. Аналіз, синтез та узагальнення науково-методичної літератури та документальних джерел. Результат. У статті описано значення спеціально адаптованих рухливих ігор та ігрових вправ для максимально можливої корекції вад розвитку основних рухових властивостей з урахуванням можливостей вдосконалення компенсаторних функцій збережених аналізаторів.</p> Heorhii Hats Heorhii Hats Ruslan Haivolia Vladislava Adamchuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 99 103 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-99-103 The theoretical analysis of the problem of social and pedagogical support of orphans https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/498 <p>Social and pedagogical support is a guarantee of effective solution of the basic problems of various socially disadvantaged groups. Orphans stand out among all categories, because the quality of their future life depends on quality of social support. The article presents the theoretical aspect of social and pedagogical support as a means of socialization of orphans. The conceptual provisions of social and pedagogical support in working with orphans are revealed. The understanding of the concepts of “help and support” is differentiated. The author emphasizes that orphans remain one of the most socially neglected and least socially protected communities in the country, and the orphan environment accumulates the most complex problems of social and psychological development of the individual. The terminological features of social and pedagogical support, their focus on the preventive and operational nature of assistance in solving problems related to social well-being, interpersonal communications, life and professional self-determination, the role of a social worker in this process are revealed. The aim of the study. The article is devoted to the study of the problem of social and pedagogical support of orphans. Research methods. The research methods used are the following: search of the available methodological and scientific literature with analysis of the found material, elucidation of causal relationships, systematization, abstraction and concretization, analysis of the results of researchers on the problem of the study. The work is based on the analysis of scientific and methodical literature, methodical manuals, scientific articles, periodicals and developments of modern and previous scientists and researchers in the field of social work. Result. The emphasis is placed on the relevance of further development of social and pedagogical support at the appropriate level and outlines promising areas of research in the medium term.</p> Valentyn Marchuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 104 108 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-104-108 Main components of the social worker's readyness to work in children's health and leisure institutions https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/499 <p>The readiness of a social worker to work in children's health and recreation facilities is defined as a complex multifaceted process.<br>The purpose of the study is to explore some approaches to defining the content of the concepts of "readiness", to reveal the structural components and content of the preparation of social workers to work in children's health and recreation facilities. Analyze the criteria and levels of readiness of future professionals.&nbsp;The article uses research methods: theoretical: analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature and publications to determine the main components of the readiness of a social worker to work in health and recreation facilities; classification of criteria and levels of readiness on the basis of the processed scientific works.&nbsp;Result. The main structural and semantic elements are analyzed and their expediency in the process of training specialists is determined. The classification of criteria and levels of readiness of a social worker to work in children's health and recreation facilities, based on the manifestation of creative abilities and ability to perform tasks under standard and non-standard conditions.</p> Mariana Matviichuk Copyright (c) 2020 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 109 114 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-109-114 The role of the social project in the development of palliative and hospice care https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/500 <p>The aim of the study. Emphasis is placed on the aspects of the development of social work in palliative and hospice care, in particular, through the implementation of a social project by the students - future social workers. The purpose of the social project implementation is to provide quality social services to people in need of palliative and hospice care, in particular, moral and psychological support, social and household assistance through the involvement of volunteers and benefactors. A set of research methods is presented to help implement the practical project "Hospice: Philosophy of Care" (developed by the student-teaching creative group of Rivne State University for the Humanities). The preparatory stage of project work requires the use of sociological methods of social work (interviewing patients and their habitat); the research stage requires organizational methods (conducting promotions, searching for trustees), social training of the volunteers; at the planning stage organizational methods were also used, in part - the technology of social modeling; at the activity stage psychological methods (work with a case) were used, accordingly, a complex of tactics of individual work; at the analytical stage organizational methods, social counseling and planning, social training of volunteers were used; at regenerative stage the elements of social forecasting, modeling were used. The result. It is substantiated that due to the strengthening of moral and psychological support and social assistance through the involvement of volunteers and benefactors, the quality of social services in palliative and hospice care institutions will increase. The step-by-step structure of realization of the social project has been developed, the maintenance and methodology of realization of the stages of the project have been described. The universality of the proposed methodology for finding potential benefactors and other socially vulnerable categories is emphasized. The prospects for further research are associated with the disclosure of opportunities and results of social projects to solve existing problems in social work in palliative and hospice care.</p> Oksana Oksenyuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 114 120 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-114-120 Personally oriented approach in the organization of logical and mathematical development of preschool children with speech disorders https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/501 <p>Paradigm shift in preschool education is characterized by a front from educational-disciplinary model to personality-oriented approach.<br>The purpose of the research is to organization of logical and mathematical development of preschool children with speech disorders in modern conditions.<br>The metods of the research are user in article: theoretical:the analysis of pedagogical literature and publications connected with the questions of organization of logical and mathematical development of preschool children with speech disorders; pedagogical experiment of generalization and methods of mathematical statistics.&nbsp;Result. An analysis of the differences between the personality-oriented approach and the educational-disciplinary model of education in the upbringing of preschool children is presented. The authors present ways to implement a personality-oriented approach in a modern preschool institution. The tasks of logical and mathematical development of preschool children with speech disorders are highlighted and the diagnosis of verbal and logical thinking and the ability to generalize in older preschool children with speech disorders by the method of «Fourth extra».</p> Tatiana Pavlyuk Oksana Kosareva Olga Kozlyuk Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 121 127 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-121-127 Specialized education for preschool children with psychophysical disorders in Ukraine: formation and development https://pedchas.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/pedchas/article/view/502 <p>The study and analysis of the historical and pedagogical experience contribute to the effective organization of the modern pedagogical process, in general, and the specialized education of the preschool children, in particular.<br>The purpose of the article is to elucidate the historical and pedagogical issues of some educational practice aspects of children with physical and (or) mental disabilities in the pre-school age in our country. The article highlights the issues of public support of preschool children with mental and physical disabilities education in our country with a focus on the Soviet period of its development.<br>The following research methods are used in the article: analysis of the pedagogical literature and publications on the history of education; generalization of the trends of formation and development of specialized education of preschool children in our country within the period of 20-30s of the XXth century to our time.<br>Result. The study and analysis of the scientific materials showed that for a long time, it was traditional in society to focus on the treatment and segregation of children with developmental disabilities. In the national educational system, various forms of specific assistance to this category of children have been gradually introduced, which provided for the use of various rehabilitation and correctional techniques and teaching methods. In the course of the formation and development of the specialized preschool institutions network, the principles, methods, and approaches to the detection, correction, and prevention of deviations in the development of children have been substantiated, forming the traditions of correctional training and education of children of the preschool age. The author argues that until the middle of the twentieth century, the children with special educational needs studied separately from their peers in the specialized (correctional) educational institutions. At the present stage of the Ukrainian society development, specialized education has been replaced by a new, more progressive form of education, known as an inclusive education.</p> Valentyna Serheieva Copyright (c) 0 2020-05-12 2020-05-12 1(16) 128 133 10.29038/2415-8143-2020-01-128-133